Leadership as defined by culture, profession and gender

There are many variables that go into the making of a leader. Culture, which in itself has many variables (race, religion, language, etc.), is one such variable. To understand ethnic-minority leadership one has to invest in understanding cultural influence, in developing cultural intelligence, social intelligence, and to have an open mind on the part of both the ethnic-minority citizens and their Anglo-Saxon cohorts. It is important for both to understand each other’s cultures, to bring their strengths and experiences and work together towards leadership. Due to the different variables, leadership can be confusing or even stressful for those already on its path. Leadership is not for the faint-hearted. Women, considered as minorities in societies, have had their struggles to attain leadership positions.


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The Finnish education sys­tem can­not be copied, but parts of it can be ex­por­ted

Finnish education is in demand internationally. Education export is an effective way of solving challenges and building a better future.

“The Funda Ujabule School, established on the University of Johannesburg campus in Soweto six years ago, follows the Finnish approach to teacher training. A teacher training school is one way of developing the teaching skills of teacher students in South Africa. The school was founded through cooperation between the University of Johannesburg and the class teachers who supervise teaching practice at the Viikki Teacher Training School.


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Finland – Un­der­stand­ing pu­pils and learn­ing are at the core of teach­er’s work

Unlike in almost all other countries, Finnish teachers train for their profession at a university. This has been the case for over 40 years. “University-level teacher education ensures that teaching is linked with the most up-to-date research results,” says Professor of Higher Education Auli Toom. She manages the Centre for University Teaching and Learning at the University of Helsinki and during her career has studied university pedagogy particularly from the perspective of the learning and education of teacher students.


Posted in Finland, Teachers, Teaching, Teaching method | Tagged , , ,

Complexity and Co-Evolution: Continuity and Change in Socio-Economic Systems

Book – The aim for this book is to offer stimulus to those wishing to engage with the concepts and tools provided by the emerging paradigm of thought on complexity and at the same time to foster new debate on co-evolutionary issues within the social sciences. The book reflects the growing attraction for social scientists of investigations into the nature and evolution of complex dynamic processes, particularly as they affect human societies in a variety of environments, social, political and economic. More specifically, it identifies the need to move beyond the abstruseness of the current complexity discourse to explore real-world applications through a set of empirical examples that demonstrate the connections between abstract issues that have received mainly formal mathematical treatment and the problems faced by decision makers in the contemporary world. The wide variety of representations and explorations presented here – from archaeology through urban evolution, from industrial decline to the dynamics of innovation – suggests potentially fruitful directions for future research into the evolutionary and often counterintuitive behavior of socio-economic systems.


Posted in Complexity, Evolution, Socioeconomic, socioeconomic systems | Tagged , ,

A cluster-growing dimension of complex networks

The cluster-growing method has been widely used to measure the fractal dimension of complex networks. In this method, a seed node is chosen at random and the number of nodes centered at the seed node is calculated. The procedure is then repeated by choosing many seed nodes at random and the total number of nodes within the same fixed length is averaged over the number of seed nodes. In order to improve the statistics, one has to repeat the calculations for a sufficient number of seed nodes. However, most real-world networks are featured with heterogeneous properties and it is possible that some of the seed nodes are located at the periphery of the networks. In this paper, a modified cluster-growing dimension of complex networks based on closeness centrality of nodes is proposed. By observing and comparing the distinction dimension by choosing the seeds via the proposed method, the original method, the hub-based method and the CI-based method in a number of networks, we conclude that the dimension of complex networks can be better obtained by choosing the seeds located in the center of complex networks.


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Network community detection from time series

We present a quasi-isometric mapping to transform complex networks into time series, which enables the network distance to be strictly preserved and allows to solve the network clustering problem from the perspective of its time series. In order to reconstruct the network distance characteristics exactly, we weight the network links in several ways and then convert the weighted networks into time series via classical multidimensional scaling (CMDS). Given such a transformation framework, we utilize the criterion of relative eigenvalue gap (REG) to estimate the number of communities of a network. Further, we enunciate that the distributions of two-time series from two isomorphic networks are identical. We then apply the distance-based k-means algorithm to the generated time series to detect the community structures of complex networks with success. The results of diverse simulated and real networks demonstrate the superiority of quasi-isometry-based time series in network community detection.


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Identifying influential nodes in complex networks

How to identify influential nodes in complex networks is still an open issue. In this paper, a new multi-evidence centrality is proposed based on evidence theory. The existing measures of degree centrality, betweenness centrality, efficiency centrality, and correlation centrality are taken into consideration in the proposed method. The simulation on the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) network is used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.


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Strategic Intelligence

Intelligence is the provision of information about targets of concern, mostly foreign, for the use of decision makers, mostly governmental. The information normally prioritizes secrets and/or forecasts, and the degrees of animosity toward the targets are likely to shape the various efforts. ‘Strategic’ intelligence is especially alert to the more competitive ranges of this spectrum and is also loosely distinguished from ‘tactical’ intelligence—the strategic seen as having a wider scope, longer time horizons, and organizationally higher standing. Strategic intelligence in these senses is several thousand years old, yet lacked widely known manuals/treatises until the twentieth century, probably because of its traditional secretiveness and the belatedness of its technology-related institutionalization. At last solid nonfiction, literature is emerging: from investigative journalists, reflective veterans, multiarchival historians, and social scientists (chiefly nonquantitative). The latter—chiefly political scientists and psychologists—are taking evidence developed mostly by the others and conceptualizing/taxonomizing it and doing comparative mid-level theorizing, national and cross-national. These various outsiders’ publications can have value for enhancing knowledgeable democratic accountability. They (and outsiders’ speculative scenario writing) can also provide useful cross-checks for the practitioners themselves, who often are doing related studies in secret. In widening parts of the world, insiders are slowly acquiescing in the reduction of secretiveness overall.


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Personal Intelligence and Competencies

Personal intelligence concerns the ability to reason about personality and personality-related information; it includes both self-knowledge and knowledge about the personalities of other people. Personal intelligence encompasses a wide range of areas of reasoning from perceiving cues to personality to planning one’s life. There are individual differences in such reasoning, and some people are much better at such reasoning than others. The article examines the nature of intelligence, personality, and personal intelligence. The skills involved are examined as well as how they are measured and the relation of the intelligence to life criteria.


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Creative Intelligence in the 21st Century

Book – How can creative individuals and societies adapt to complex 21st-century conditions? Will civilizations thrive or collapse in the decades to come if they are not creative enough, or if they are too creative? Interest in these questions is growing; however, until now there has been inadequate understanding of the socioeconomic and cultural trends and issues that influence creativity. This book provides that understanding while yielding insights from many of the world’s leading creativity researchers and educational experts. The book begins with a big-picture, interdisciplinary overview of the socioeconomic, cultural, and technological pressures emerging from 21st-century globalization and describes some ways in which those pressures simultaneously suppress, distort, and invigorate creativity in general and creative education in particular. After that, prominent scholars of creativity and education use their impressive knowledge bases to clarify how we can adjust our thoughts and actions in order to give ourselves the best possible chances for success in this complex world.


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