Daily Archives: April 4, 2014

Socioeconomic status and the developing brain

Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with cognitive achievement throughout life. How does SES relate to brain development, and what are the mechanisms by which SES might exert its influence? We review studies in which behavioral, electrophysiological and neuroimaging methods … Continue reading

Posted in Brains, Children, Poor, Socioeconomic | Tagged , , ,

Intuitive Prosociality

Prosocial behavior is a central feature of human life and a major focus of research across the natural and social sciences. Most theoretical models of prosociality share a common assumption: Humans are instinctively selfish, and prosocial behavior requires exerting reflective … Continue reading

Posted in Behavior, Prosocial, Social | Tagged , ,

Cognitive Culture – theoretical and empirical insights into Social Learning Strategies

Research into social learning (learning from others) has expanded significantly in recent years, not least because of productive interactions between theoretical and empirical approaches. This has been coupled with a new emphasis on learning strategies, which places social learning within … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Culture, Social learning, Strategy | Tagged , , ,

The Social Brain: Psychological Underpinnings and Implications for the Structure of Organizations

The social-brain hypothesis refers to a quantitative relationship between social-group size and neocortex volume in monkeys and apes. This relationship predicts a group size of approximately 150 for humans, which turns out to be the typical size of both social … Continue reading

Posted in Human organizations, Social brain | Tagged ,

Natural Pedagogy

We propose that human communication is specifically adapted to allow the transmission of generic knowledge between individuals. Such a communication system, which we call ‘natural pedagogy’, enables fast and efficient social learning of cognitively opaque cultural knowledge that would be … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Humans, Infants, Natural pedagogy | Tagged , , ,