Daily Archives: April 10, 2014

The One Percent – Top Incomes and Wealth in Sociological Research

The one percent, those at the top of the income and wealth distributions, are fundamental to understanding social and economic inequality and mobility, but sociologists rarely focus research attention on this group. This article presents updated evidence showing that both … Continue reading

Posted in Inequality, Wealth | Tagged ,

Neoliberalism at Work

Organizational decision-makers increasingly promote neoliberal work practices, which emphasize market processes and unrestricted deployment of organizational resources, as a means to optimize economic performance in an intensely competitive environment. A growing number of sociologists have raised questions about their tactics … Continue reading

Posted in Neoliberalism, Work, Workers, Workplace | Tagged , , ,

The Neuroscience of Human Relationships: Attachment and the Developing Social Brain

As human beings, we cherish our individuality yet we know that we live in constant relationship to others, and that other people play a significant part in regulating our emotional and social behavior. Although this interdependence is a reality of … Continue reading

Posted in Brains, Mirror neurons, Relationships, Social brain | Tagged , , ,

The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

In recent decades, empathy research has blossomed into a vibrant and multidisciplinary field of study. The social neuroscience approach to the subject is premised on the idea that studying empathy at multiple levels (biological, cognitive, and social) will lead to … Continue reading

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Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence

What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments? Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically disproved the textbook representation … Continue reading

Posted in Ethnography, Human sociality | Tagged ,

The Role of Metacognition in Human Social Interactions

Metacognition concerns the processes by which we monitor and control our own cognitive processes. It can also be applied to others, in which case it is known as mentalizing. Both kinds of metacognition have implicit and explicit forms, where implicit … Continue reading

Posted in Interaction, Mentalizing, Metacognition, Social, Social metacognition | Tagged , , , ,

Citizenship education and philosophical enquiry: Putting thinking back into practice

In this article, we argue for a purposeful re-introduction of philosophical inquiry to the process and pedagogy of citizenship education. We suggest the development of philosophy and critical thinking skills may usefully improve social and political awareness in young people. … Continue reading

Posted in Citizenship, Education, Inquiry, Philosophy | Tagged , , ,

Adult Education – A Critical Realist Orientation to Learner Needs

Is the idea of meeting needs in adult education a myth? Armstrong and Lawy challenge the commonly held notion that needs have an objective reality of their own and suggest that they are instead “manufactured political constructions”. Based on the … Continue reading

Posted in Adult education, Critical realism, Learner, Needs | Tagged , , ,

The obsolescence of teachers – a controversy

Sugata Mitra is a Professor of Educational Technology at Newcastle University and is famous for the research he conducted on SOLE Self-Organised Learning Environments, starting with the ‘hole-in-the-wall’ experiments he carried out in 1999 where he left a group of … Continue reading

Posted in Self-organized learning, Self-organized pedagogy | Tagged ,