Daily Archives: May 3, 2014

The Origins of Pedagogy – Developmental and Evolutionary Perspectives

The question of whether and how information is actively transferred from knowledgeable to ignorant individuals has received much attention in psychology and evolutionary biology. Research in these fields has proceeded largely independently, with studies of nonhuman animals focusing on knowledgeable … Continue reading

Posted in Development, Evolution, Pedagogy | Tagged , ,

Ontogeny and Social Dominance: A Developmental View of Human Power Patterns

Developmental science has long evolutionary roots and has historically focused on individual differences. Accordingly, developmental models can inform conversations about phylogeny and personality. The present paper evokes life history theory to describe a theoretical model of competitive behavior that applies … Continue reading

Posted in Dominance, Evolution, Ontogeny, Prosocial, Social | Tagged , , , ,

Does Playing Pay? The Fitness-Effect of Free Play during Childhood

Evolutionary developmental psychology claims that the sequences and processes of human development, in fact the mere fact of ontogeny itself, have to be viewed as evolutionary products. However, although the functional benefits of childish behavior (child playing) for cognitive and … Continue reading

Posted in Childhood, Development, Play | Tagged , ,

An Evolutionary Model of the Environmental Conditions that Shape the Development of Prosociality

The current review presents a model for how prosocial development is driven by socio-cognitive mechanisms that have been shaped by natural selection to translate critical environmental factors into locally adaptive levels of prosociality. This is done through a synthesis of … Continue reading

Posted in Environment, Evolution, Prosocial | Tagged , ,

The Evolved Apprentice – How Evolution Made Humans Unique

A central element of Sterelny’s overarching argument is that, rather than posit a single explanatory variable to explain human uniqueness, we should instead aim to provide a co-evolutionary account. In Sterelny’s view, human uniqueness gradually emerged from positive feedback loops … Continue reading

Posted in Apprenticeship, Evolution, Humans | Tagged , ,

Groups have a larger Cognitive Capacity than Individuals

Increasing the number of options can paradoxically lead to worse decisions, a phenomenon known as cognitive overload. This happens when an individual decision-maker attempts to digest information exceeding its processing capacity. Highly integrated groups, such as social insect colonies, make … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition, Colony, Decision making, Groups | Tagged , , ,

Collective Information Processing and Pattern Formation in Swarms, Flocks, and Crowds

The spontaneous organization of collective activities in animal groups and societies has attracted a considerable amount of attention over the last decade. This kind of coordination often permits group-living species to achieve collective tasks that are far beyond single individuals’ … Continue reading

Posted in Crowds, Flock, Information, Patterns, Swarm | Tagged , , , ,