Daily Archives: October 20, 2015

Eusociality

Eusociality, the highest level of organization of animal sociality, is defined by the following characteristics: cooperative brood care (including brood care of offspring from other individuals), overlapping generations within a colony of adults, and a division of labour into reproductive … Continue reading

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Sociobiology and Epistemology

The papers presented in this special collection focus upon conceptual, theoretical and epistemological aspects of sociobiology, an emerging discipline that deals with the extent to which genetic factors influence or control patterns of behavior as well as the extent to … Continue reading

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The Evolution of Extreme Altruism and Inequality in Insect Societies

In eusocial organisms, some individuals specialize in reproduction and others in altruistic helping. The evolution of eusociality is, therefore, also the evolution of remarkable inequality. For example, a colony of honeybees (Apis mellifera) may contain 50 000 females all of … Continue reading

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Evolution “for the Good of the Group”

Is evolution a team sport, or is the contest for survival played out strictly between individuals? There’s no question that natural selection acts on individual organisms: Those with favorable traits are more  likely to pass along their genes to the … Continue reading

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Group-level Evolution and Information Systems – Learning from Animal Colonies in Nature

In this chapter, we describe 10 central properties and a speciation process for a certain type of real and virtual human collective that is comparable with animal colonies in nature. This theory, called colonial systems and its application to information … Continue reading

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One giant leap: How Insects achieved Altruism and Colonial Life

The advanced colonial state of eusociality has evolved in insects as a defense of nest sites within foraging distance of persistent food sources. In the Hymenoptera, the final step in the approach to eusociality is through a suite of preadaptations … Continue reading

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The Evolution of Eusociality

Eusociality, in which some individuals reduce their own lifetime reproductive potential to raise the offspring of others, underlies the most advanced forms of social organization and the ecologically dominant role of social insects and humans. For the past four decades … Continue reading

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Distributed Leadership in Higher Education – rhetoric and reality

In this paper we present findings from research in 12 universities that sought to capture a range of perspectives on ‘distributed leadership’ and reveal common and competing experiences within and between institutions. From analysis of findings we identified two principle … Continue reading

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Distributed Leadership: A Review of Literature

This desk study was undertaken to provide an overview of current writing on distributed leadership. It was intended to investigate the extent to which: • there was a common understanding of the term • writing in the field covered both … Continue reading

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Distributed Leadership and its Impact on Teaching and Learning

Distributed leadership has been the subject of considerable educational research and discourse in recent years. This thesis explores how it is understood in the post primary school context, with particular reference to its impact on teaching and learning. A study … Continue reading

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