The Cognitive Science of Studying: Rereading vs. Retrieval

I’ll just come out and say it: students don’t know how to study. When students are asked how they study the response is often something along these lines:

Wait until the night before the test
Find my notes and textbook
Read/reread notes and textbook
Highlight stuff

Repeat until I can’t stay awake any longer or distraction gets the best of me

There are several problems with this approach. In the following, I have outlined our students’ problematic practices and compared them to what current research says they should be doing instead.

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About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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