Author Archives: Giorgio Bertini

About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++

Embodied Social Cognition

This book clarifies the role and relevance of the body in social interaction and cognition from an embodied cognitive science perspective. Theories of embodied cognition have during the last decades offered a radical shift in explanations of the human mind, … Continue reading

Posted in Embodied cognition, Social cognition | Tagged ,

How we think and act together

In this paper, I examine the challenges socially extended minds pose for mainstream, individualistic accounts of social cognition. I argue that individualistic accounts of social cognition neglect phenomena important to social cognition that are properly emphasized by socially extended mind … Continue reading

Posted in Social cognition, Social cognitive neuroscience, Social psychology | Tagged , ,

Social cognition, social neuroscience, and evolutionary social psychology: What’s missing?

In this paper, I argue that something important, and something social is missing from contemporary accounts of social cognition, social neuroscience, and evolutionary social psychology. Contemporary accounts of social cognition focus on cognition directed towards social objects, that is, towards persons and social groups. In contrast, … Continue reading

Posted in Evolutionary social psychology, Social cognition, Social neuroscience | Tagged , ,

Pattern-recognition, intersubjectivity, and dialogic meaning-making in education

From a conventional monological view, meaning-making is located in a particular statement. In conventional schools, students are positioned to be enactors of ready-made knowledge and skills on teacher’s demand based on their pattern-recognition and production, rather than to be authors … Continue reading

Posted in Dialogical, Education, Intersubjectivity, Meaning | Tagged , , ,

Natural intelligence and anthropic reasoning

This paper aims to justify the concept of natural intelligence – the type of intelligence wider than human intelligence and its derivative, AI. I will argue that the process of life is (i) a cognitive process and (ii) that organisms, from bacteria … Continue reading

Posted in Intelligence | Tagged

The Science of Empathy

Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling the sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to … Continue reading

Posted in Empathy | Tagged

Social Cognitive Neuroscience of Empathy: Concepts, Circuits, and Genes

This article reviews concepts of, as well as neurocognitive and genetic studies on, empathy. Whereas cognitive empathy can be equated with the affective theory of mind, that is, with mentalizing the emotions of others, affective empathy is about sharing emotions … Continue reading

Posted in Empathy, Neuroscience | Tagged ,

Cognitive Empathy and Emotional Empathy in Human Behavior and Evolution

This article presents 7 simple models of the relationship between cognitive empathy (mental perspective taking) and emotional empathy (the vicarious sharing of emotion). I consider behavioral outcomes of the models, arguing that, during human evolution, natural selection may have acted … Continue reading

Posted in Cognitive empathy, Emotional empathy, Empathy | Tagged , ,

Empathy: A Review of the Concept

The inconsistent definition of empathy has had a negative impact on both research and practice. The aim of this article is to review and critically appraise a range of definitions of empathy and, through considered analysis, to develop a new … Continue reading

Posted in Empathy | Tagged

The Social Psychology of Design Thinking

This article examines the cardinal tenets of design thinking using the research, theory, and insights of social psychology. People’s intuitions are often incorrect and, moreover, it is often difficult for people to revise their thinking. There are four principles common to many design … Continue reading

Posted in Design thinking, Social psychology | Tagged ,