Category Archives: Adaptability

Our Panarchic Future

Holling and his colleagues call their ideas “panarchy theory“- after Pan, the ancient Greek god of nature. Together with anthropologist and historian Joseph Tainter’s ideas on complexity and social collapse, this theory helps us see our world’s tectonic stresses as … Continue reading

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Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social–ecological Systems

The concept of resilience has evolved considerably since Holling’s seminal paper. Different interpretations of what is meant by resilience, however, cause confusion. Resilience of a system needs to be considered in terms of the attributes that govern the system’s dynamics. … Continue reading

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Resilience Thinking – Integrating Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability

Resilience thinking addresses the dynamics and development of complex social–ecological systems (SES). Three aspects are central: resilience, adaptability and transformability. These aspects interrelate across multiple scales. Resilience in this context is the capacity of a SES to continually change and … Continue reading

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