Category Archives: Biosphere

Self-organization and the Emergence of Complexity in Ecological Systems

What explains the remarkable regularities in distribution and abundance of species, in size distributions of organisms, or in patterns of nutrient use? How does the biosphere maintain exactly the right conditions necessary for life as we know it? Gaia theory … Continue reading

Posted in Biosphere, Complex adaptive systems, Emergence, Self-organization | Tagged , , ,

Ecosystems and the Biosphere as Complex Adaptive Systems

Ecosystems are prototypical examples of complex adaptive systems, in which patterns at higher levels emerge from localized interactions and selection processes acting at lower levels. An essential aspect of such systems is nonlinearity, leading to historical dependency and multiple possible … Continue reading

Posted in Biosphere, Complex adaptive system, Ecosystem | Tagged , ,