Category Archives: Children

Talking with Kids about Fairness – Encourage your child’s sense of fair play.

In societies around the world, fairness is one of the most fundamental moral values. A number of recent research studies make it clear that children begin thinking about fairness early in life. Three-year-olds sometimes take actions to remedy unfair distribution … Continue reading

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When Children Play, They Follow the Golden Rules of Fairness

Fairness makes play possible, and children learn fairness in play. Anyone who has spent much time observing children plays independently of adult control knows that they are very concerned with fairness. “That’s not fair” is among the most common phrases … Continue reading

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The Effects of Poverty on the Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Health of Children and Youth

This article considers the implications for prevention science of recent advances in research on family poverty and children’s mental, emotional, and behavioral health. First, we describe definitions of poverty and the conceptual and empirical challenges to estimating the causal effects of poverty on children’s mental, … Continue reading

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Argument structure and the child’s contribution to language learning

One of the oldest questions in cognitive science asks whether children are able to learn the language (or anything) because they are equipped with a very powerful general-purpose learning mechanism or because they are equipped with a domain-specific constrained language … Continue reading

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Children’s reasoning about other’s intentions

We report four experiments on children’s reasoning about intentions using a new change of-intentions task, in which an observer witnesses an actor carrying out an action, e.g., Mary hears her brother Tom say he wants to switch on the TV to watch … Continue reading

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Children’s Application of Theory of Mind in Reasoning and Language

Many social situations require a mental model of the knowledge, beliefs, goals, and intentions of others: a Theory of Mind (ToM). If a person can reason about other people’s beliefs about his own beliefs or intentions, he is demonstrating second-order ToM reasoning. A … Continue reading

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Young Children Enforce Social Norms

Social norms have played a key role in the evolution of human cooperation, serving to stabilize prosocial and egalitarian behavior despite the self-serving motives of individuals. Young children’s behavior mostly conforms to social norms, as they follow adult behavioral directives … Continue reading

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Dialogic Practice in Primary Schools: to embed Philosophy for Children

The Philosophy for Children in Schools Project is an ongoing research project to explore the impact of philosophy for children (P4C) on classroom practice. this paper responds to the responses of headteachers, teachers and local educational authority (LA) officers in … Continue reading

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Children’s Explanations as a Window Into Their Intuitive Theories of the Social World

Social categorization is an early emerging and robust component of social cognition, yet the role that social categories play in children’s understanding of the social world has remained unclear. The present studies examined children’s explanations of social behavior to provide … Continue reading

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The State’s Duty to Ensure Children are Loved

Do children have a right to be loved? An affirmative answer faces two immediate challenges: (i) a child’s basic needs can be met without love, therefore a defense of such a right cannot appeal to the role of love in … Continue reading

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