Category Archives: Cooperation

The Roots of Reciprocity: Gratitude and Reputation in Generalized Exchange Systems

Social scientists often study the flow of material and social support as generalized exchange systems. These systems are associated with an array of benefits to groups and communities, but their existence is problematic, because individuals may be motivated to take … Continue reading

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Is It Good to Cooperate? Testing the Theory of Morality-as-Cooperation

What is morality? And to what extent does it vary around the world? The theory of “morality-as-cooperation” argues that morality consists of a collection of biological and cultural solutions to the problems of cooperation recurrent in human social life. Morality-as-cooperation draws on … Continue reading

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Dynamic effects of enforcement on cooperation

In situations where social payoffs are not aligned with private incentives, enforcement with fines can be a way to sustain cooperation. In this paper, we show, by the means of a laboratory experiment, that past fines can have an effect … Continue reading

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On Cooperative Behavior in Distributed Teams

The Influence of Organizational Design, Media Richness, Social Interaction, and Interaction Adaptation. Self-interest vs. cooperation is a fundamental dilemma in animal behavior as well as in human and organizational behavior. In organizations, how to get people to cooperate despite or … Continue reading

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Evolution of cooperation in stochastic games

Social dilemmas occur when incentives for individuals are misaligned with group interests1–7. According to the ‘tragedy of the commons’, these misalignments can lead to overexploitation and the collapse of public resources. The resulting behaviors can be analyzed with the tools of game theory8. The … Continue reading

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Understanding the social dynamics that cause cooperation to thrive, or fail

Certain types of social networks can paradoxically lead to cooperation’s collapse. Biologists address the question of how an evolving social network influences the likelihood of cooperation in a theoretical social group. They find that, although networks, where connected individuals are closely … Continue reading

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Can Empathy Promote Cooperation When Status and Money Matter?

‘Lower status’ people more likely to share wealth than ‘higher status’ people. When playing an economic game those that were assigned as ‘lower status’ were more likely to share their wealth than their ‘higher status’ counterparts, according to a new study. … Continue reading

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Population Structure Promotes the Evolution of Intuitive Cooperation and Inhibits Deliberation

Spatial structure is one of the most studied mechanisms in evolutionary game theory. Here, we explore the consequences of spatial structure for a question which has received considerable empirical and theoretical attention in recent years, but has not yet been … Continue reading

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Cooperation emerges when groups are small and memories are long

The tragedy of the commons, a concept described by ecologist Garrett Hardin, paints a grim view of human nature. The theory goes that, if a resource is shared, individuals will act in their own self-interest, but against the interest of … Continue reading

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To build a Cooperative Society, is it better to punish or reward?

One of the basic components of a functional, cooperative society is a code of law, where the laws are usually enforced by some kind of incentive. Social incentives can either be positive (rewards) or negative (punishments), and a society must … Continue reading

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