Tag Archives: health

Foucault, Health and Medicine

The reception of Michel Foucault’s work in the social sciences and humanities has been phenomenal. Foucault’s concepts and methodology have encouraged new approaches to old problems and opened up new lines of inquiry. This book assesses the contribution of Foucault’s … Continue reading

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Observing the Others, Watching Over Oneself: themes of medical surveillance in society

This article explores two instances of medical surveillance that illustrate post-panoptic views of the body in biomedicine, from the patient to the population. Techniques of surveillance and monitoring are part of medical diagnostics, epidemiological studies, aetiologic research, health care management; they also … Continue reading

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Health, Medicine and Surveillance in the 21st Century

By the beginning of the 21st Century, Surveillance Studies are highlighting how contemporary surveillance is neither limited nor specific, in either scope or design (Lyon 2002). The digital revolution has taken mass surveillance from a possibility to a reality. From cradle to … Continue reading

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Collective intelligence and Medical decision-making

Collective intelligence, facilitated by information technology or manual techniques, refers to the collective insight of groups working on a task and has the potential to generate more accurate information or decisions than individuals can make alone. This concept is gaining … Continue reading

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Health Care Crowds: Collective Intelligence in Public Health

For what purposes are crowds being implemented in health care? Which crowdsourcing methods are being used? This work begins to answer these questions by reporting the early results of a systematic literature review of 110 pieces of relevant research. The … Continue reading

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The personal nature of health

“Every man has his particular way of being in good health” – Emanuel Kant. Emanuel Kant’s description of health stands in stark contrast to accepted definitions of health. For example, the WHO defines ‘health’ as ‘a state of complete physical, … Continue reading

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Purpose in life and use of preventive health care services

Purpose in life has been linked with better health (mental and physical) and health behaviors, but its link with patterns of health care use are understudied. We hypothesized that people with higher purpose would be more proactive in taking care … Continue reading

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How Much Exercise You Need to Keep Your Brain Healthy

There’s no question that exercise is good for the body, and there is growing evidence that staying physically active can help slow the normal declines in brain function that come with age. Health groups recommend that adults try to get … Continue reading

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Diverse Aging and Health Inequality by Race and Ethnicity

Although gerontologists have long embraced the concept of heterogeneity in theories and models of aging, recent research reveals the importance of racial and ethnic diversity on life course processes leading to health inequality. This article examines research on health inequality … Continue reading

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Collective Intelligence Meets Medical Decision-Making

While collective intelligence (CI) is a powerful approach to increase decision accuracy, few attempts have been made to unlock its potential in medical decision-making. Here we investigated the performance of three well-known collective intelligence rules (“majority”, “quorum”, and “weighted quorum”) … Continue reading

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